Global crushed stone industry trends
Global crushed stone demand is growing. It is estimated that the global aggregate production is about 50 billion tons. According to the world’s total population of 7.7 billion, the per capita consumption of sand and gravel is about 6.5 tons. In terms of regions, Asia accounts for 66% of the global sandstone production.
Looking forward to 2030, the global crushing stone industry trend is still positive. The three factors of population growth (estimating population of 8.5 billion in 2030), economic development, and global urbanization (estimated at 60% in 2030) will jointly promote the growth of the sand and gravel industry. It is estimated that global aggregate production will reach 60 billion tons by 2030.
In terms of regions, the demand for rock will grow most rapidly in Asia. Especially India; Africa and Latin America also will see significant growth.
The global crushed stone industry lacks concentration and scattered. The world’s top 20 rock aggregate producers account for less than 5% of the global total. The remaining 95% is extremely dispersed. It is very challenging to make master accurate data. In the future, the crushed stone may have many opportunities.
Global gravel production data
Due to the economic crisis, gravel production fell by 30% between 2007 and 2013 in Europe. However, since 2013, the demand for gravel has recovered in the region. The total demand of the EU 28 countries and the European Free Trade Association countries returned to more than 3 billion tons in 2017. Compared with the 2013 increase of 13%. According to the European Gravel Association, despite the varying intensity of demand among countries. But the demand for crushed stone continued to increase in 2018 in Europe. And the per capita consumption countries has reached 5.8 tons in the EU.
Before the economic crisis, the total output exceeded 3 billion tons in the United States. But by 2010, the data dropped sharply by 35% to less than 2 billion tons. At present, the US production has returned to about 2.4 billion tons, and per capita consumption is 7.5 tons. With the long-term accumulation of roads, airports, ports and other infrastructure upgrades in the United States, the US demand market will be on the rise.
Canada’s per capita Gravel consumption reached 11.4 tons. The total production capacity was around 400 million tons. However, due to the influence of terrain and extreme weather, the country’s stone production distribution is not balanced.
The total output is about 500 million tons in Mexico. The per capita consumption is about 5 tons. Despite the different conditions in different countries, the industry has enormous growth potential in North America.
From 2000 to 2013, Brazilian demand rose from 340 million tons to 745 million tons. The average annual increase of 6.2%. But after that, due to the economic crisis, the demand fell 33% to 497 million tons in 2017. In 2017, Brazil’s per capita consumption was only 2.7 tons. But benefiting from population growth and lack of infrastructure, the demand is expected to maintain an average annual growth rate of 3-5%.
At present, the total output of gravel is about 147 million tons in Colombia. The per capita consumption is about 3 tons. The main challenge facing the industry is that half of the domestic is illegally mined. The Colombian Stone Producers Association is actively addressing this issue.
The total output is about 140 million tons in Argentina. And the per capita consumption is 3.2 tons. Although the demand has increased significantly in recent years. It has been affected by economic instability in the near future.
Other Central and South America regions
There are few gravel industry data in other countries except Brazil, Colombia, and Argentina. The total sandstone demand is about 2 billion tons in Central and South America. The per capita consumption is 3 tons. In the next decade, the local stone industry has enormous growth potential, benefiting from regional economic growth, population growth, youthful age structure, major infrastructure, and housing projects.
India’s crushing rock capacity may be the fastest growing in the world. The market demand of 5 billion tons and per capita consumption is 3.7 tons. The demand will increase by double digits in the next few years. The main problem facing and actively solved the industry is the depletion of the natural sand resources. And the mechanism sand is gradually being promoted.
Affected by the economic downturn, the total output of sand and gravel in Japan is 350 million tons, and the per capita consumption of sandstone is only 2.8 tons. However, the demand restores under the stimulus of the country’s post-disaster reconstruction and the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
The total production is about 100 million tons in Malaysia. And the per capita consumption is 3 tons. Recently, a large number of giant infrastructure projects have provided sufficient power for the growing demand.
Other parts of Asia
The country which lacks crushed stone industry data are Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, and the Korean Peninsula,
The Australian economy has maintained a growth trend for 27 years. A large number of active infrastructure and commercial construction activities have made up for the recent weak housing construction. The country’s total gravel production is about 200 million tons. And per capita consumption is 8.3 tons.
The total demand is about 41 million tons in New Zealand. The per capita consumption is 8.9 tons. The total demand is about 400 million tons in Oceania. The per capita consumption is about 8 tons.
The total output is 150 million tons in South Africa. The corresponding per capita sandstone consumption is 3 tons.
There is no data in other parts of Africa. But Estimated the overall gravel production capacity is around 4 billion tons. The per capita consumption is 3 tons. The consumption of 3 tons of sand per capita is a typical value in the early stage of economic development. The demand will have great growth potential in the next few years.
United Arab Emirates
In the Middle East, the total production of 92 rock mines is about 135 million tons in the UAE. And the per capita consumption is 14.4 tons. The country’s largest crushed rock company, Stevin Rock that has three mines with an annual output of 80 million tons. The Khor Khuwair mine with an annual output of 60 million tons is currently the world’s largest limestone mine.
There is no data in other parts of the Middle East, but construction projects in the region are active. Estimate the overall demand at 2.8 billion tons, the per capita consumption is 7.2 tons.
Russian stone production continues to grow. The total production of 700 million tons and a per capita consumption of 5 tons. The main sandstone base is far from Moscow, and a large amount of rock needs to be transported by rail.
Turkey’s crushed stone production has been in a downturn after years of growth. Its total production is 480 million tons, and the per capita consumption remains at 6.3 tons. The country’s gravel production is expected to maintain growth in the future.