The flotation process, also known as floating separation, refers to the use of mineral surface properties of the physical chemistry separation of mineral particles in the process. It is the most widely used mineral processing methods. And it is mainly used for the selection of copper, zinc, lead, nickel, gold, etc. Also can be used for the Non-ferrous metal of Ferrous and non-metal. Flotation is suitable for the treatment of fine and micro-fine materials.
Flotation Process Plant
1. Jaw crusher breaks the mine ore for primary crushing. Then the ore feed into a ball mill by a hoist and a feeder, and the ball mill crushing and grounding the ore.
2. After the ball mill grinding fine ore into the next process: classification. The spiral classifier cleans and classifies the ore mixture according to the principle that the specific gravity of the solid particles is different and the rate of precipitation in the liquid is different.
3. When the washed and classified mineral mixture passes through the magnetic separator, the magnetic material in the mixture is separated by magnetic force and mechanical force, because of the different specific magnetization coefficient of various minerals.
4. Then the mineral particles after magnetic separators are sent to the flotation machine. According to different minerals, characteristics to add different pharmaceuticals. The required minerals attached to the froth and separate from other substances.
5. After the desired minerals are separated, they are transported to a dryer by a froth pump.
Flotation Process Equipment
The flotation process consists of jaw crusher, ball mill, classifier machine, magnetic separator, flotation machine, concentrator, dryer, and other major equipment. Forming a complete beneficiation production plant with ore feeder, mine hoist, froth pump, etc. The mining plant has the advantages of high efficiency, low energy, high processing capacity and reasonable economy.
This series of flotation machine is suitable for the separation of non-ferrous Ferrous, also can be used for the separation of non-metals such as Coal Fluorspar, TALC. The impeller is driven by a v-belt driven by an electric motor to rotate, generating a centrifugal force that forms a negative pressure. On the one hand, sufficient air is inhaled to mix with the mineral slurry. On the other hand, the mineral slurry is stirred to mix with the medicine, and at the same time. The froth is refined to make the mineral adhere to the froth Float to the pulp surface to form mineralized froth. The height of the gate is adjusted and the liquid level is controlled so that the useful froth is scraped out by the scraper.
If you want some flotation process equipment, please contact us. We have mining equipment, slurry pump(Walkpump) except crushing machine.